Climate and Weather
Indonesia has tropical climate with an average daily temperature around 32° C (90° F) and a relative humidity between 85 and 95%. In some cities it can be quite hot during the day time but is considerably cooler and windy at night time. The main rainy seasons are from November to January when June to August is the driest season.
Immigrations, Visas and Customs
All visitors to Indonesia should bring a valid passport at least 6 months from the date of arrival.
Visitors from following 169 countries are automatically granted a 30-day free tourist visa upon arrival:
Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Commonwealth of Dominica, Comoros, Costa Rica, Cote D’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, England, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau SAR, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Oman, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Island, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and Grenadines, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, USA, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
It is recommended that you confirm with your local Indonesia Embassy or Consulate in advance of travelling for the latest regulation.
Currency, Credit Cards and Money Exchange
The Indonesian currency is known as Rupiah (Rp or IDR). Bank notes come in several denominations: Rp. 100.000, Rp. 50.000, Rp. 20.000, Rp. 10.000, Rp. 5.000, Rp. 2.000 and Rp. 1.000. While coins come in several denominations: Rp. 1.000, Rp. 500, Rp. 200, Rp. 100.
The exchange rate is about US$ 1 = Rp. 13.500 (as per June 2016). Major credit cards (Visa, MasterCard, Diners and Amex) are acceptable at most larger establishment in Jakarta and other big cities, but visitors are suggested to bring enough cash. Traveler’s cheque is best changed in Jakarta airport. Money changer is available at airport or city center and some tourist spot. Mostly any banks have currency exchange service. Recent currency controls restrict the flow currency into and out the country.
Foreigners and non-residents are allowed to carry not more than Rp. 10.000.000 and limited amount of foreign country when entering or leaving the country. However, the amount declared upon departure can not exceed that declared when entering the country.
Tipping is not compulsory, though in big establishments a 10% service charge may be added in final bill. However, small change is normally left and those who offer exceptional services are usually rewarded.
Indonesia is divided into 3 time zones: west, central and east. All part of Sumatra, Java and West Kalimantan are in the west time zone which is 7 hours ahead of GMT all year round. Eastern Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Bali, Nusa Tenggara are in central time zone or 8 hours ahead of GMT, meanwhile Maluku and Papua are in east time zone which is 9 hour ahead of GMT.
Water and Electricity
Water supply in Indonesia is generally NOT safe to drink and it is advisable to boil it before drinking. During trekking, bottled mineral water will be provided, meanwhile in camping, boiled water from spring is provided for drinking and cooking in regards to reduce plastic bottles from mineral water. We highly recommended that every visitors bring their own refillable drinking water bottle.
Electricity system is 220-240 volt. Wall plug is the standard Western European variety, rounded two pins. Please bring your own universal plug converter.
International call can be made from most hotel telephone. You can direct-dial long distance call from hotel. To make an IDD call from hotel, you just dial the international access code 001 followed by country code, area/city code and phone number.
Most mobile phones with international roaming work in Indonesia. But, if you are staying on for a while, you will probably want to switch to an Indonesia prepaid card. The cell phone market is quite competitive in Indonesia, with about a dozen companies, several with decent coverage in Indonesia. Telkomsel and XL provide reliable service and both offer prepaid packs, as low as Rp. 20.000. Axis is another mobile telephone service provider in Indonesia.
There are also a lot of cyber cafes that provides internet services. Although broadband internet services is available, there are still some operators using dial-up networking. The rates are also reasonable. Some hotels in Indonesia provide free internet access facilities.